Docklet: What and Why
What is Docklet
Definition and Architecture
Docklet is an open source project from Software Engineering Institute, Peking University. It is released uner the New BSD License. Its source code is hosted in GitHub.
Docklet is designed to be a lightweight Cloud operating system for small scale data centers. It provides a solution of Personal Development Workspace in the Cloud for enterprises. With the help of Docklet, enterprises can easily virtualize their small scale data centers, creating virtualized clusters for their staff users, and then providing users a customizable Workspace in the cloud. Users only need a modern browser to visit their own Workspace located in the enterprise's Intranet from anywhere, at anytime. They can do works like online editing source codes, debugging, testing, managing data files, analyzing data, visualizing results, etc.
The kernel technology of Docklet is LXC virtual cluster (vcluster) that is based on Linux Container (LXC) and software defined networks technologies. The Docklet vcluster provides a virtualization solution of physical clusters, supports the installation and running of most existing Linux applications.
Based on vcluster, Docklet provides users their Personal Workspace. Users visit their Workspace throught the integrated Jupyper Notebook to do most development tasks.
Docklet and Docker
Docklet has no direct relationship with Docker. They are two different projects, with totally different design goals.
The goal of Docker is to provide a lightweight operating system virtualization solution. It is in the IaaS layer of cloud computing architecture. Docker encapsulates LXC to make LXC easy, so that the users can operate a Docker container as simple as operate a fast and lightweight virtual machine. Although later on Docker has clustering component, it in essence still focuses on single node operating system layer.
The goal of Docklet is to provide Personal Development Workspace in the Cloud solution. It covers all the SaaS, PaaS and IaaS layer of cloud computing architecture. The basic of Docklet is LXC vcluster, but not Docker container. For Docklet users, what they face directly is their Workspace. They use browser to do software development, debuging and testing, etc, using tools Docklet provide, working in a high layer.
Why using Docklet
As a "Workspace Cloud", Docklet has several advantages.
First, what Docklet provides is a virtual workspace for developers, but not only an Iaas or PaaS solution, therefore more friendly to developers.
Second, the Docklet vcluster provides a high efficient and simple method of sharing physical resources, therefore more friendly to administrators.
The detailed advantages and features of Docklet include:
Docklet is not designed for large data center, but for small or mini data center. By mini data center, we mean a cluster with not more than 100 physical hosts, all connected by high speed network, each host with relatively high performance. This is the common configuration of most medium or small enterprises and institutes. Therefore, Docklet has a wide applicability.
Easily Sharing Cluster among Frameworks
Traditionally clusters are often monopolized, serving only one kind of application framework, e.g., MPI or Spark. It is usually difficult to share the physcal cluster among different frameworks.
Docklet provides a flexible and easy solution. By virtualizing the physical clusters, almost all computing frameworks can run in the LXC vcluster seamlessly without any customization and modification.
Dynamically and Elastically Configure Resources
Docklet vcluster supports elastically configuring resources. Users can add a fully functional LXC node to existing vcluster instantly by just a click. This feature is useful for the application frameworks that support elastic resource management, e.g., Spark.
Docklet can monitor the activity of users, smartly finding those not at work, then adjust their resource quota dynamically. This can bring about good usage experience for online active users, together with reasonable resource utilization.
Consuming Very Few Network Resources
Docklet utilizes the technology of software defined networks.
The inner vclusters will use private Internet address space, e.g.,
172.16/16, not consuming public Internet addresses. The administrator
only need to configure one public Internet address/URL for Docklet
portal. Users use just a modern browser to access their private
vcluster located behind the enterprise's firewall through the portal's
public URL. This feature is very attractive for those enterprises
without so many public Internet addresses.
Docklet is mainly targeted for enterprises's staff developers. It is domain oriented, therefore can be setup to meet the enterprise's requirements deliberately. The public base image has most often used software. Users can directly start their programming and analyzing job with just a browser, without the heavy burden of installing and configuring the physical clusters, installation of software frameworks, management of images, etc. Therefore, it is very friently to end users, which is especially important for those non-export users.
Ideal Environment for Application Development and Testing
The easy usage of Docklet means it can be an ideal environment for application development and testing. For example, users can program and debug a big data analyzing software with a small data set (possibly Gigabye scale). If success, then deploy it to production system with true big data. In fact, for most data analyzing and mining jobs, their data set is usually not so large, which means they can directly run and output the final results in Docklet.
Docklet is also a good platform for exercising programming skills and studying programming languages. No need to install kinds of tools, just a browser is OK.
Easy to Customize and Extend
The enterprise's Docklet administrator is free to make specific public base images. The users can also install new software not in the base image. What is more, the users can save their Workspace as image and then share with others, which is very convenient for users of one group.
Supporting Multiple Users
Docklet vcluster naturally supports multiple users. Each user has their own private vcluster independenlty. Each vcluster can run different frameworks such as MPI and Spark without worry about interference. Therefore, it can satisfy the different requirements of different users.
Advantages of LXC
Docklet uses LXC technology. Therefore, it has the advantages of LXC and LXC-based solutions like Docker, including instant booting container in seconds; high utilization of resources, running thousands of containers in one physical host; high performance of applications; consuming less resources; fast delivery; simple management, etc.